A game is basically a structured form of playful play, often undertaken for fun or amusement, and at times used as an educational resource. Games are very different from work, which generally is performed for remuneration, in games the player has to think for themselves and use logic. Although they can be interactive and rewarding, most games are designed with one purpose in mind – that the participant should have fun. The mechanics of games change drastically depending on the type of game, but there are some common elements shared by all types. Such elements include competition, the environment, goals and rewards.
There are many sub-types of games, including the ones we are going to look at here; we will also touch upon some other aspects of the game theory, including types of motivation and the Nash equilibrium. The first sub-type of a game is the competitive game, also known as the contest game. Competitive games are normally played between individuals or between groups of people. They are characterized by one participant continuously trying to out-maneuver the other, while also trying to achieve a set objective.
Video games based on competitive gameplay have different types of rules and game mechanics depending on the game’s genre and the target audience. These different types of game mechanics and rulesets can be categorized into two main categories: the action genre, which features shooting or action-oriented gameplay, and the adventure genre, which features adventure, puzzle-solving and stealth gameplay. Action-oriented game mechanics involve driving, shooting, fighting and racing, whereas adventure game mechanics are more character-oriented, requiring the player to investigate environments, solve puzzles and interact with characters. Finally, there are action-themed as well as puzzle-themed video games.
The next sub-genre is the thriller game genre. Tracing its roots from psychological thrillers, this sub-genre usually revolves around a secret, requiring the player to uncover the secret and carry out the action. In contrast to the action-adventure games, thriller games are set in closed scenes and limited amount of time to solve the puzzle and achieve the objective. Generally, thriller games are more suspenseful than thrilling. They also require the player to think critically and come up with unexpected solutions to problems.
Adventure gaming is the third sub-genre of gaming. It features puzzle-solving gameplay where the player has to explore environments and solve puzzles to complete the game. Adventure game mechanics generally involve exploring unknown locations, solving puzzles or finding items or objects, using weapons or fighting enemies. They are generally more narrative based.
All the sub-genres and genres of video game play well for different types of gamers. For younger gamers, adventure games and puzzle games provide the right blend of engaging storyline, interesting gameplay mechanics, compelling puzzles and attractive visual effects. More experienced gamers look for multiplayer games that include a mix of adventure games and action.